Over the years, Indian Institute of Technology known as IITs have created internationally recognized, world class distinguished educational platforms based on excellent infrastructural facilities. The faculty and alumni of IITs have made huge impact in all sectors of society, both in India and world map. Globally recognized as centres of academic excellence, these institutes are reputed for their outstanding merit and caliber of the students graduating out of them. For the newly independent India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru pioneered establishment of the Indian Institutes of Technology to provide trained technical personnel of international class to the nation as leaders in technology. In May 1950, the first in the series was established in Kharagpur gradually giving birth to other IITs subsequently.
There are total 23 IIT's across now India and is governed by Institutes of Technology Act, 1961. The IITs offer courses at their Kharagpur, Mumbai, Delhi, Kanpur, Guwahati, Madras, Roorkee campuses and also at the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi and Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad. From the year 2008, 8 new IITs have been set up across the country by the Union HRD Ministry. These new IITs are located in Jodhpur, Patna, Mandi, Bhubaneshwar, Hyderabad), Indore, Rupnagar, Gandhinagar.
Every year Government of India allocates a huge budget on IITs. The research & development of Private sector companies heavily invest in IITs. Anyone taking about IIT knows this is the strongest pillar of Indian Education system. People seeking for IIT information come across the label where it is termed as "The Brain of India".
Every year the Joint Entrance Examination Mains is held by the CBSE or Central Board of Secondary Education. JEE Main is the single gateway for admission to NITs, IIITs, Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTIs) as well as other engineering colleges and technology institutes run by the state governments and private institutions who adopt JEE. Every year, IITs conduct a Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) to select candidates for the 4-year B.Tech, B.Pharm, 5-year B.Arch, Integrated M.Sc. and M.Tech courses. JEE has two parts 1) JEE Main 2) JEE Advanced. To get admission in to IIT, one has to clear both the exams. The most determining factor about the JEE Main is that only top 1.5 lakh candidates are eligible for JEE Advanced examination. Anyone who cleared JEE but due to lesser marks is unable to get into IIT, can get admission in NIT (National Institutes of Technology) which is considered best after IIT.
The courses available through IIT JEE are: