The Graduate Record Examination or GRE is an internationally recognised assessment, which is administered by Educational Testing Services(ETS). Over half a million individuals take GRE General Test in over 1000 test centers in 160 countries every year, and scores are accepted at thousands of graduate programs around the world, for masters and doctoral degrees. In simple terms, individuals applying to graduate schools in order to pursue a Masters of Science (MS) or MBA are required to take the exam. More than 1200 business schools around the world accept the GRE, including top-ranked MBA programs according to The Financial Times, U.S. News & World Report and Bloomberg Businessweek. For further clarifications, visit the official website https://www.ets.org/gre
A candidate must carry a valid passport at the time of the GRE exam. No other form of documentations (like birth certificate, international driving license etc) can be used as an alternate identity proof. Although there is no specific eligibility criteria for the GRE exam, but candidates must meet the individual eligibility criteria for prospective colleges and universities of application. Apart from this eligibility requirement, ETS does not set any age, qualification, timing related prerequisites. However, there will be a range of eligibility criteria set by universities that accept GRE scores. For each of their programs, they may have minimum age, experience and qualification related filters. As the GRE exam is for admission to postgraduate programs, it is generally expected that the candidate has completed or is near completion of his/her undergraduate study.
The GRE tests a candidate upon readiness for postgraduate level education and the testing areas for the GRE General Test include quantitative reasoning, verbal reasoning and analytical writing. The GRE General test is a primary requirement for most international postgraduate programs. The Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning sections consist of multiple choice questions with one or more than one answer correct. The Analytical Writing Assessment section comprises of two essay writings. There is no negative marking in the GRE exam. Additionally another unscored section is provided by ETS for research purposes. This unscored section is either Quantitative or Verbal Reasoning and the candidate will not know which section is the unscored section prior to or after the exam. Apart from the GRE General test, there are specialised GRE subject tests for candidates applying for niche postgraduate programs which require proof of subject expertise. The various GRE Subject Tests are:
The GRE Biology comprises of 190 multiple choice questions with 5 options as answer for each. The test is divided into three broad sections which focussing on Cellular and Molecular Biology, Organismal Biology and Ecology and Evolution. The final score for the GRE Subject Test in Biology features a total score as well as individual subscores for each of the three subcategories.
The GRE Chemistry comprises of approximately 130 questions which are multiple choice type. The exam content is divided into four broad subcategories of Chemistry which are Analytical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Physical Chemistry.
The GRE Literature in English comprises of approximately 230 questions of multiple choice type on various topics such as drama, history of the language, poetry, the short story, the essay, biography, criticism, the novel and literary theory. The exam is broadly divided into four subcategories namely Literary Analysis, Identification, Cultural and Historical Contexts, History and Theory of Literary Criticisms.
The GRE Mathematics comprises of approximately 66 questions of multiple choice type. These questions are from topics which are generally covered in undergraduate level of mathematics. Approximately 50% of the Mathematics exam are based on calculus and its various applications. Another 25% are based on linear algebra, number theory, abstract algebra and elementary algebra. There is no specific syllabus for this GRE Subject Test.
The GRE Physics comprises of approximately 100 multiple choice questions. The test focuses on fundamental concepts of Physics which are generally covered in undergraduate education. Along with the test booklet, candidates are provided with requisite physical constants as well as SI conversion factors. The exam content can be broadly classified into subcategories which are Classical Mechanics, Electromagnetism, Optics and Wave Phenomena, Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics, Atomic Physics, Special Relativity, Laboratory Methods and Specialised Topics.
The GRE Psychology comprises of approximately 205 questions of multiple choice type having 5 choices for each. The exam content can be broadly classified into six subcategories which are Biological, Cognitive, Social, Developmental, Clinical and Measurement/Methodology.
The final score for the GRE Subject Test in Psychology features a total score as well as individual subscores for each of the six subcategories.