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# GATE Syllabus - A Comprehensive List of GATE Syllabus for Civil

### All about GATE syllabus for Civil

GATE is a national level online test which is conducted for admission to M.Tech in the field of engineering and technology. It is conducted and GATE syllabus is administered on a rotational basis by reputed zonal IITs and IISc Bangalore.

GATE exam syllabus is highly comprehensive and a robust study plan requires a detailed analysis of it to reach your goal effectively. GATE syllabus for Civil Engineering 2021 consists of broadly seven subject categories which are Engineering Mathematics, Structural Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Transportation Engineering, and Geomatics Engineering. https://appsgate.iitm.ac.in is the only official Gate application online portal. GATE syllabus for Civil Engineering comprises of three sections namely General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics and Civil Engineering. The GATE syllabus for Civil Engineering with weightage of these three sections are 13%, 15% and 72% respectively.

The in-depth latest GATE syllabus for Civil Engineering branch for all sections are mentioned below.

### Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra
• Matrix algebra
• Systems of linear equations
• Eigen values and Eigen vectors
Ordinary Differential Equation ( ODE )
• First order ( linear and non – linear ) equations
• higher order linear equations with constant coefficients
• Euler – Cauchy equations
• Laplace transform and its application in solving linear ODEs
• Initial and boundary value problems.
Calculus
• Functions of single variable
• Limit, continuity and differentiability
• Mean value theorems
• local maxima and minima
• Taylor and Maclaurin series
• Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals
• application of definite integral to obtain area and volume
• Partial derivatives
• Total derivative
• Divergence and Curl, Vector identities
• Directional derivatives
• Line, Surface and Volume integrals
• Stokes
• Gauss and Green's theorems.
Partial Differential Equation ( PDE ) : Fourier series
• separation of variables
• solutions of onedimensional diffusion equation
• first and second order one – dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation.
Probability and Statistics
• Definitions of probability and sampling theorems
• Conditional probability
• Discrete Random variables
• Poisson and Binomial distributions
• Continuous random variables
• normal and exponential distributions
• Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation
• Hypothesis testing.
Numerical Methods
• Accuracy and precision
• error analysis
• Numerical solutions of linear and non – linear algebraic equations
• Least square approximation
• Newton's and Lagrange polynomials
• numerical differentiation
• Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson's rule
• single and multi – step methods for first order differential equations.

### Structural Engineering

Engineering Mechanics
• System of forces
• free – body diagrams
• equilibrium equations
• Internal forces in structures
• Friction and its applications
• Kinematics of point mass and rigid body
• Centre of mass
• Euler's equations of motion
• Impulse – momentum
• Energy methods
• Principles of virtual work
Solid Mechanics
• Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams
• Simple stress and strain relationships
• Theories of failures
• Simple bending theory
• flexural and shear stresses
• shear centre
• Uniform torsion
• buckling of column
• combined and direct bending stresses
Structural Analysis
• Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force / energy methods
• Method of superposition
• Analysis of trusses
• Arches
• Beams
• cables and frames
• Displacement methods
• Slope deflection and moment distribution methods
• Influence lines
• Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.
Construction Materials and Management
• Construction Materials
• Structural steel – composition
• material properties and behavior
• Concrete – constituents
• mix design
• short – term and long – term properties
• Bricks and mortar
• Timber
• Bitumen
• Construction Management
• Types of construction projects
• Tendering and construction contracts
• Rate analysis and standard specifications
• Cost estimation
• Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM
Concrete Structures
• Working stress
• Limit state and Ultimate load design concepts
• Design of beams
• Slabs
• Columns
• Bond and development length
• Prestressed concrete
• Analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.
Steel Structures
• Working stress and Limit state design concepts
• Design of tension and compression members
• beams and beam- columns
• column bases
• Connections – simple and eccentric
• beam-column connections
• plate girders and trusses
• Plastic analysis of beams and frames

### Geotechnical Engineering

Soil Mechanics
• Origin of soils
• soil structure and fabric
• Three – phase system and phase relationships
• index properties
• Unified and Indian standard soil classification system
• Permeability – one dimensional flow
• Darcy's law
• Seepage through soils – two – dimensional flow
• flow nets
• uplift pressure,
• piping
• Principle of effective stress
• Capillarity
• seepage force and quicksand condition
• Compaction in laboratory and field conditions
• One dimensional consolidation
• time rate of consolidation
• Mohr's circle
• stress paths
• effective and total shear strength parameters
• characteristics of clays and sand
Foundation Engineering
• Sub – surface investigations – scope
• drilling bore holes
• sampling
• standard penetration and cone penetration tests
• Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb
• Stability of slopes – finite and infinite slopes
• method of slices and Bishop's method
• Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq's and Westergaard's theories
• pressure bulbs
• Shallow foundations – Terzaghi's and Meyerhoff's bearing capacity theories
• effect of water table
• Combined footing and raft foundation
• Contact pressure
• Settlement analysis in sands and clays
• Deep foundations – types of piles
• dynamic and static formulae
• load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test
• negative skin friction

### Water Resources Engineering

Fluid Mechanics
• Properties of fluids
• fluid statics
• Continuity
• Momentum
• energy and corresponding equations;
• Potential flow,
• applications of momentum and energy equations
• Laminar and turbulent flow
• Flow in pipes, pipe networks
• Concept of boundary layer and its growth
Hydraulics
• Forces on immersed bodies
• Flow measurement in channels and pipes
• Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude
• Kinematics of flow
• velocity triangles
• Basics of hydraulic machines
• specific speed of pumps and turbines
• Channel Hydraulics – Energy -depth relationships
• specific energy
• critical flow,
• slope profile
• hydraulic jump
• uniform flow and gradually varied flow
Hydrology
• Hydrologic cycle
• Precipitation
• Evaporation
• evapo – transpiration
• watershed
• infiltration
• unit hydrographs
• hydrograph analysis
• flood estimation and routing
• reservoir capacity
• reservoir and channel routing
• surface run-off models
• ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers
• Application of Darcy's law
Irrigation
• Duty
• Delta
• estimation of evapo – transpiration
• Crop water requirements
• Design of lined and unlined canals
• gravity dams and spillways
• Design of weirs on permeable foundation
• Types of irrigation systems
• irrigation methods
• Water logging and drainage
• Canal regulatory works
• cross-drainage structures
• outlets and escapes

### Environmental Engineering

Water Requirements
• Quality standards
• basic unit processes and operations for water treatment
• Drinking water standards, water requirements
• basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment
• distribution of water
• Sewage and sewerage treatment
• quantity and characteristics of wastewater
• Primary,secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater
• effluent discharge standards
• Domestic wastewater treatment
• quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater
• primary and secondary treatment
• Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater
• sludge disposal
Air Pollution
• Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts
• air pollution meteorology
• air pollution control
• air quality standards and limits
Municipal Solid Wastes
• Characteristics
• Generation
• Collection and transportation of solid wastes
• Engineered systems for solid waste management ( reuse / recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal ).
Noise Pollution
• Impacts of noise
• permissible limits of noise pollution
• measurement of noise and control of noise pollution

### Transportation Engineering

Transportation Infrastructure
• Highway alignment and engineering surveys
• Geometric design of highways – cross – sectional elements
• sight distances
• horizontal and vertical alignments
• Geometric design of railway track
• Airport runway length
• taxiway and exit taxiway design
Highway Pavements
• Highway materials – desirable properties and quality control tests
• Design of bituminous paving mixes
• Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements
• Design of flexible pavement using IRC : 37 – 2012
• Design of rigid pavements using IRC : 58 – 2011
• Distresses in concrete pavements
Traffic Engineering
• Traffic studies on flow
• Speed
• travel time – delay and O – D study
• PCU
• peak hour factor
• parking study
• ccident study and analysis
• statistical analysis of traffic data
• Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow
• fundamental relationships
• Control devices
• signal design by Webster's method
• Types of intersections and channelization
• Highway capacity and level of service of rural highways and urban roads

### Geomatics Engineering

• Principles of surveying
• Maps – scale
• coordinate system
• Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric leveling
• Traversing and triangulation survey
• Total station
• Horizontal and vertical curves
• Photogrammetry – scale
• flying height
• Remote sensing – basics
• platform and sensors
• visual image interpretation
• Basics of Geographical information system ( GIS ) and Geographical Positioning system ( GPS ).

### TOPICS NOT INCLUDED IN GATE SYLLABUS

Structural Analysis
• Free and forced vibrations of the single degree and multi degree freedom systems.
• Concept and use of computer aided design.
• Earthquake & resistant design of structure.
Hydraulic Machines
• Power house classifications and layout, storage, pondage and control of supply.
Geotechnical Engineering
• Properties and uses of geo – synthesis.
• Principles of ground modification
Surveying
• Survey layout for culverts, canal, bridges, road/railways alignment and Buildings.
Transportation
• Maintenance practices for railway systems, track Modernization.
• Docks and Harbors,
• Tunneling
Building Materials
• Glass, plastic, FPR, Ceramics, Aluminum, Fly ash
Construction Equipment's
Geology